Prediabetes: Causes and Risk Factors

Tricks to reverse prediabetes



Prediabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than the normal range but not high enough to be classified as type 2 diabetes. It is a warning of  that patients are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, stroke, and heart disease.  If patients change their lifestyle, it can delay or prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes. Analyzing the causes and risk factors of prediabetes is essential for prevention and early intervention. It is important to know about signs of prediabetes and type 1 diabetes complications.

What causes prediabetes?

  1. Insulin Resistance: Insulin resistance is the primary cause of prediabetes. Insulin is a hormone produced by the Beta cells of the pancreas that helps glucose enter the body’s cells to be used as an energy source. In insulin resistance, the body’s cells cannot respond properly to insulin, causing glucose to build up in the blood.
  2. Genetic Factors: Family history is the main cause of developing prediabetes. Specific genes may make patients more susceptible to insulin resistance.
  3. Lifestyle Factors: The development of prediabetes happens due to unhealthy lifestyle choices.
  • Physical Inactivity: Irregular physical exercise leads to weight and insulin resistance.
  • Diet: Diets such as sugary beverages, highly processed food, and red or processed meats contribute to weight gain and insulin resistance.
  1. Obesity: Excess body fat, especially around the abdomen, is a major cause of prediabetes and insulin resistance. Fat cells around the abdomen can release hormones that lead to insulin resistance and inflammation.

Risk Factors for Prediabetes

  1. Age: After the age of 45, the risk of prediabetes  increases.
  2. Family History: Siblings or parents with type 2 diabetes increase the risk of prediabetes.
  3. Weight Gain: Obesity, or being overweight, is the main risk factor. The fatty tissues around the abdomen increase the risk of insulin resistance.
  4. Race and Ethnicity: Some ethnic groups, namely Hispanics, Native Americans, Asian Americans, African Americans, and Pacific Islanders, have a higher risk of developing prediabetes.
  5. High blood pressure: High blood pressure is mainly associated with insulin resistance and the risk of prediabetes.
  6. Gestational Diabetes: Pregnant women with gestational diabetes are at higher risk of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes later in life.
  7. Sedentary Lifestyle: Irregular physical activities lead to weight gain and insulin resistance.
  8. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, a complication associated with irregular menstrual periods, obesity, and excess hair growth, increase the risk of prediabetes.
  9. Abnormal Cholesterol and Triglyceride Levels: The risk of prediabetes increases with higher triglyceride and low cholesterol levels.

Prevention and Management

  • Healthy Diet: A balanced diet rich in whole grains, vegetables, fruits, and lean proteins helps to manage weight and improve insulin sensitivity.
  • Regular Physical Activity: Moderate-intensity exercise per week helps to manage insulin sensitivity and maintain a healthy weight.
  • Regular Monitoring: Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels helps to manage prediabetes at an early stage.


Prediabetes is a serious health complication that is a warning sign of developing type 2 diabetes and other health conditions. Analyzing the symptoms of prediabetes, such as obesity, insulin resistance, and genetic factors, and understanding the main sources of risk factors, including age, sedentary lifestyle, and family history, is necessary to manage blood glucose levels. Regular medical advice and healthy lifestyle choices help patients manage prediabetes effectively and promote their overall health and well-being.